Hard-working and inventive are two intrinsic qualities in India. Hard-working because that’s what it takes to be extraordinary among so much talent. Inventive because ‘jugaad’ runs through the vein of every Indian. We're no different when it comes to innovations in the world of technology. The undying spirit and creativity of Indians have also helped put the country on the global innovation map. National Technology Day marks the anniversary of the successful Pokhran nuclear test. On this day, we decided to focus on three technologies. They have been developed by Indians and have changed the landscape of their respective domains.

Universal Serial Bus

While the full form above might not ring a bell, but its abbreviation surely will. Yes, the USB standard was invented by an Indian: Ajay Bhatt. Before the age of USBs, connecting peripherals to systems was a complete mess. Connecting a mouse? You would’ve needed a PS/2 connector or a serial port. Connecting a keyboard? Probably a PS/2 or a DIN connector. Printers & Scanners? Big old parallel ports. Gamepads? You’d require a game port. If you don’t recognize any of the ports above, thank your stars and your age! It was a mess that had to be solved. The invention of the USB did just that. The idea that a single port would be able to connect various peripherals was quickly bought by consumers and peripheral manufacturers alike. The rest is history! Today, USB dominates connectivity, aided by its miniaturised and upgraded versions micro-USB and USB-C.

Wireless transmission of information

If you've ever used dial-up modems, I’m sure you’re grateful for Wi-Fi. What if I tell you that an Indian scientist laid its foundation more than a century ago? Yes, Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose is the founding father of wireless communication, more commonly known as radio. He was the first individual to prove that information could be transferred over wireless signals. This revolutionary innovation was the foundation of mobile telephony, Wi-Fi, radars, satellite communication, television broadcast, remote controls and numerous other applications.

Fiber optics technology

The ultra-high-speed internet you enjoy has been made possible by Narinder Singh Kapany. Kapany worked alongside Harold Hopkins to achieve the best possible transmission quality in 1953. He even went on to write the first book of the new field. Kapany's work has also covered areas like lasers, biomedical instrumentation, solar energy and pollution monitoring. While fiber internet is still not ubiquitous, Mr. Kapany coined the term ‘fiber optics’ way back in 1960 in an article in Scientific American. Today, Fiber cables outperform copper cables by a huge margin and have been standardised even for speeds upto 100Gbps. Like this article? Also read: Appreciating the art in smartphones Image Courtesy: Shutterstock  

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